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complain

[kuh m-pleyn] /kəmˈpleɪn/
verb (used without object)
1.
to express dissatisfaction, pain, uneasiness, censure, resentment, or grief; find fault:
He complained constantly about the noise in the corridor.
2.
to tell of one's pains, ailments, etc.:
to complain of a backache.
3.
to make a formal accusation:
If you think you've been swindled, complain to the police.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English compleinen < Anglo-French compleign-, stem of compleindre, Old French complaindre < Vulgar Latin *complangere, equivalent to Latin com- com- + plangere to lament; see plaint
Related forms
complainable, adjective
complainer, noun
complainingly, adverb
uncomplained, adjective
uncomplaining, adjective
uncomplainingly, adverb
Synonyms
1. Complain, grumble, growl, whine are terms for expressing dissatisfaction or discomfort. To complain is to protest against or lament a wrong: to complain about high prices. To grumble is to utter ill-natured complaints half to oneself: to grumble about the service. Growl may express more anger than grumble : to growl in reply to a question. To whine is to complain in a meanspirited way, using a nasal tone: to whine like a coward, like a spoiled child.
Antonyms
1. rejoice.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for complainingly

complain

/kəmˈpleɪn/
verb (intransitive)
1.
to express resentment, displeasure, etc, esp habitually; grumble
2.
(foll by of) to state the presence of pain, illness, etc, esp in the hope of sympathy: she complained of a headache
Derived Forms
complainer, noun
complainingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Old French complaindre, from Vulgar Latin complangere (unattested), from Latin com- (intensive) + plangere to bewail
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for complainingly

complain

v.

late 14c., "find fault, lament," from stem of Old French complaindre "to lament" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *complangere, originally "to beat the breast," from Latin com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + plangere "to strike, beat the breast" (see plague (n.)). Older sense of "lament" died out 17c. Related: Complained; complaining.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with complainingly

complain

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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