verb (used with object)
to understand the nature or meaning of; grasp with the mind; perceive: He did not comprehend the significance of the ambassador's remark.
to take in or embrace; include; comprise: The course will comprehend all facets of Japanese culture.

1350–1400; Middle English comprehenden < Latin comprehendere, equivalent to com- com- + prehendere to grasp; see prehensile

comprehender, noun
comprehendingly, adverb
noncomprehending, adjective
noncomprehendingly, adverb
precomprehend, verb (used with object)
self-comprehending, adjective
uncomprehended, adjective
uncomprehending, adjective
uncomprehendingly, adverb
well-comprehended, adjective

apprehend, comprehend.

1. See know1. 2. See include. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To comprehend
World English Dictionary
comprehend (ˌkɒmprɪˈhɛnd)
1.  to perceive or understand
2.  (tr) to comprise or embrace; include
[C14: from Latin comprehendere, from prehendere to seize]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., "to grasp with the mind," from L. comprehendere "to take together, to unite; include; seize" (of catching fire or the arrest of criminals); also "to comprehend, perceive" (to seize or take in the mind), from com- "completely" + prehendere "to catch hold of, seize" (see prehensile).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In order to comprehend how this can happen, it is necessary to understand some
  basic immunology.
We need to know who he was, to understand his life and work, in order to
  comprehend our own revolutionary culture.
Students often don't understand what they have signed, parents don't
  comprehend, and that is what is intended.
Also, traditional scientists want to understand and comprehend what they are
  studying, using their own human brains.
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