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confined

[kuh n-fahynd] /kənˈfaɪnd/
adjective
1.
limited or restricted.
2.
unable to leave a place because of illness, imprisonment, etc.
3.
being in childbirth; being in parturition.
Origin
Related forms
confinedly
[kuh n-fahy-nid-lee, -fahynd-lee] /kənˈfaɪ nɪd li, -ˈfaɪnd li/ (Show IPA),
adverb
confinedness, noun
nonconfined, adjective
preconfinedly, adverb
unconfined, adjective

confine

[kuh n-fahyn for 1, 2, 5, 6; kon-fahyn for 3, 4] /kənˈfaɪn for 1, 2, 5, 6; ˈkɒn faɪn for 3, 4/
verb (used with object), confined, confining.
1.
to enclose within bounds; limit or restrict:
She confined her remarks to errors in the report. Confine your efforts to finishing the book.
2.
to shut or keep in; prevent from leaving a place because of imprisonment, illness, discipline, etc.:
For that offense he was confined to quarters for 30 days.
noun
3.
Usually, confines. a boundary or bound; limit; border; frontier.
4.
Often, confines. region; territory.
5.
Archaic. confinement.
6.
Obsolete. a place of confinement; prison.
Origin
1350-1400 for noun; 1515-25 for v.; (noun) Middle English < Middle French confins, confines < Medieval Latin confinia, plural of Latin confinis boundary, border (see con-, fine2); (v.) < Middle French confiner, verbal derivative of confins < Latin, as above
Related forms
confinable, confineable, adjective
confineless, adjective
confiner, noun
nonconfining, adjective
preconfine, verb (used with object), preconfined, preconfining.
quasi-confining, adjective
reconfine, verb (used with object), reconfined, reconfining.
self-confining, adjective
unconfinable, adjective
unconfining, adjective
Synonyms
1. circumscribe.
Antonyms
1, 2. free.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for con fined

confine

verb (transitive) (kənˈfaɪn)
1.
to keep or close within bounds; limit; restrict
2.
to keep shut in; restrict the free movement of: arthritis confined him to bed
noun (ˈkɒnfaɪn)
3.
(often pl) a limit; boundary
Derived Forms
confinable, confineable, adjective
confineless, adjective
confiner, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Medieval Latin confīnāre from Latin confīnis adjacent, from fīnis end, boundary

confined

/kənˈfaɪnd/
adjective
1.
enclosed or restricted; limited
2.
in childbed; undergoing childbirth
Derived Forms
confinedly (kənˈfaɪnɪdlɪ) adverb
confinedness, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for con fined

confine

n.

c.1400, "boundary, limit" (usually as confines), from Old French confins "boundaries," from Medieval Latin confines, from Latin confinium (plural confinia) "boundary, limit," from confine, neuter of confinis "bordering on, having the same boundaries," from com- "with" (see com-) + finis "an end" (see finish (n.)).

v.

1520s, "to border on," from Middle French confiner, from confins (n.); see confine (n.). Sense of "keeping within limits" is from 1590s. Related: Confined; confining.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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