con-gratulate

congratulate

[kuhn-grach-uh-leyt or, often, -graj-, kuhng-]
verb (used with object), congratulated, congratulating.
1.
to express pleasure to (a person), as on a happy occasion: They congratulated him on his marriage.
2.
Archaic. to express sympathetic joy or satisfaction at (an event).
3.
Obsolete. to salute.

Origin:
1540–50; < Latin congrātulātus, past participle of congrātulārī. See congratulant, -ate1

congratulator, noun
precongratulate, verb (used with object), precongratulated, precongratulating.
uncongratulated, adjective
uncongratulating, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
congratulate (kənˈɡrætjʊˌleɪt)
 
vb
1.  (usually foll by on) to communicate pleasure, approval, or praise to (a person or persons); compliment
2.  (often foll by on) to consider (oneself) clever or fortunate (as a result of): she congratulated herself on her tact
3.  obsolete to greet
 
[C16: from Latin congrātulārī, from grātulārī to rejoice, from grātus pleasing]
 
congratu'lation
 
n
 
con'gratulator
 
n
 
con'gratulatory
 
adj
 
con'gratulative
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

congratulate
1540s, from L. congratulat-, pp. stem of congratulari (see congratulation). Related: Congratulatory (1520s).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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