Denotation vs. Connotation

conditioned response

noun, Psychology
a response that becomes associated with a previously unrelated stimulus as a result of pairing the stimulus with another stimulus normally yielding the response.
Also called conditioned reflex.
Origin of conditioned response
1930-35 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for conditioned reflex
Historical Examples
  • The whole mechanism of the transfer and of the recoil may best be expressed in terms of the conditioned reflex of Pavlov.

  • The explanation of all instances of conditioned reflex is the same.

    Psychology Robert S. Woodworth
  • The conditioned reflex type of learning accounts for a host of acquired likes and dislikes.

    Psychology Robert S. Woodworth
  • And no one but they can prevent the conditioned reflex that stops my heart if for some reason the shield should be broached.

    No Shield from the Dead Gordon Rupert Dickson
  • It was an acquired instinct; a conditioned reflex which humans had to develop on this world.

    Nightmare Planet Murray Leinster
  • Negative adaptation is important in human life, and the conditioned reflex is important, as has already been suggested.

    Psychology Robert S. Woodworth
  • Some switch to chewing gum or candy, but the cure essentially lies in substituting one conditioned reflex for another.

  • A conditioned reflex experiment on a child deserves mention.

    Psychology Robert S. Woodworth
  • Pottgeiter looked at his watch, as from conditioned reflex, and then rose, saying that he had a class and excusing himself.

    The Edge of the Knife Henry Beam Piper
  • Ditto for hypnosis and/or Pavlov's 'conditioned reflex', by the way.

    Nor Iron Bars a Cage.... Gordon Randall Garrett
British Dictionary definitions for conditioned reflex

conditioned response

(psychol) a response that is transferred from the second to the first of a pair of stimuli. A well-known Pavlovian example is salivation by a dog when it hears a bell ring, because food has always been presented when the bell has been rung previously Also called (esp formerly) conditioned reflex See also classical conditioning, unconditioned response
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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conditioned reflex in Medicine

conditioned response n.
Abbr. CR
A new or modified response elicited by a stimulus after conditioning. Also called conditioned reflex.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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conditioned reflex in Culture

conditioned response definition

In psychology, the response made by a person or animal after learning to associate an experience with a neutral or arbitrary stimulus. Conditioned response experiments by Ivan Pavlov (see Pavlov's dogs) paired a neutral stimulus (sounding a bell) with a natural response (salivating) by associating the bell with the presentation of food. Conditioned response experiments by B. F. Skinner and other behaviorists (see behaviorism) associated an arbitrary action (an animal's pressing a lever) with a positive reward (presentation of food) or a negative reward (an electric shock).

Note: Response conditioning is used in behavior modification. Stop-smoking clinics, for example, may use an electric shock whenever a patient lights up. The patient will then associate smoking with the unpleasant experience of the shock.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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