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conditioning

[kuh n-dish-uh-ning] /kənˈdɪʃ ə nɪŋ/
noun, Psychology
1.
Also called operant conditioning, instrumental conditioning. a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed until the subject associates the action with pleasure or distress.
2.
Also called classical conditioning, Pavlovian conditioning, respondent conditioning. a process in which a stimulus that was previously neutral, as the sound of a bell, comes to evoke a particular response, as salivation, by being repeatedly paired with another stimulus that normally evokes the response, as the taste of food.
Origin
1915-1920
1915-20; condition + -ing1
Related forms
self-conditioning, adjective

condition

[kuh n-dish-uh n] /kənˈdɪʃ ən/
noun
1.
a particular mode of being of a person or thing; existing state; situation with respect to circumstances.
2.
state of health:
He was reported to be in critical condition.
3.
fit or requisite state:
to be out of condition; to be in no condition to run.
4.
social position:
in a lowly condition.
5.
a restricting, limiting, or modifying circumstance:
It can happen only under certain conditions.
6.
a circumstance indispensable to some result; prerequisite; that on which something else is contingent:
conditions of acceptance.
7.
Usually, conditions. existing circumstances:
poor living conditions.
8.
something demanded as an essential part of an agreement; provision; stipulation:
He accepted on one condition.
9.
Law.
  1. a stipulation in an agreement or instrument transferring property that provides for a change consequent on the occurrence or nonoccurrence of a stated event.
  2. the event upon which this stipulation depends.
10.
Informal. an abnormal or diseased state of part of the body:
heart condition; skin condition.
11.
U.S. Education.
  1. a requirement imposed on a college student who fails to reach the prescribed standard in a course at the end of the regular period of instruction, permitting credit to be established by later performance.
  2. the course or subject to which the requirement is attached.
12.
Grammar, protasis.
13.
Logic. the antecedent of a conditional proposition.
verb (used with object)
14.
to put in a fit or proper state.
15.
to accustom or inure:
to condition oneself to the cold.
16.
to air-condition.
17.
to form or be a condition of; determine, limit, or restrict as a condition.
18.
to subject to particular conditions or circumstances:
Her studies conditioned her for her job.
19.
U.S. Education. to impose a condition on (a student).
20.
to test (a commodity) to ascertain its condition.
21.
to make (something) a condition; stipulate.
22.
Psychology. to establish a conditioned response in (a subject).
23.
Textiles.
  1. to test (fibers or fabrics) for the presence of moisture or other foreign matter.
  2. to replace moisture lost from (fibers or fabrics) in manipulation or manufacture.
verb (used without object)
24.
to make conditions.
Idioms
25.
on / upon condition that, with the promise or provision that; provided that; if:
She accepted the position on condition that there would be opportunity for advancement.
Origin
1275-1325; Middle English condicioun < Anglo-French; Old French < Latin condiciōn- (stem of condiciō) agreement, equivalent to con- con- + dic- say (see dictate) + -iōn- -ion; spelling with t by influence of Late Latin or Medieval Latin forms; compare French condition
Related forms
conditionable, adjective
uncondition, verb (used with object)
Synonyms
1. See state. 8. requirement, proviso.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for conditioning
  • Increased temperatures result in more air-conditioning and electricity usage, which is harmful to the environment.
  • Collect sunlight and extract useful forms of energy from it, rather than expending energy on air conditioning.
  • The air conditioning, the elevators and the phones were operating erratically.
  • It was packed, and although it was one of the new double-decker trains, the air-conditioning didn't seem to be working properly.
  • The conditioning will happen whether you think it will or not.
  • The higher temperatures mean city buildings need more air conditioning, and therefore use more energy than they otherwise would.
  • It's the best real estate possible-waterfront, protected from hurricanes, and powerless air-conditioning.
  • Electrical energy also provides heat and air conditioning to keep homes at a comfortable temperature.
  • Except for the heavy loads of heating and air-conditioning, this setup could reduce a home's annual power bill to near zero.
  • It could possibly even be used for air conditioning.
British Dictionary definitions for conditioning

condition

/kənˈdɪʃən/
noun
1.
a particular state of being or existence; situation with respect to circumstances the human condition
2.
something that limits or restricts something else; a qualification you may enter only under certain conditions
3.
(pl) external or existing circumstances conditions were right for a takeover
4.
state of health or physical fitness, esp good health (esp in the phrases in condition, out of condition)
5.
an ailment or physical disability a heart condition
6.
something indispensable to the existence of something else your happiness is a condition of mine
7.
something required as part of an agreement or pact; terms the conditions of the lease are set out
8.
(law)
  1. a declaration or provision in a will, contract, etc, that makes some right or liability contingent upon the happening of some event
  2. the event itself
9.
(logic) a statement whose truth is either required for the truth of a given statement (a necessary condition) or sufficient to guarantee the truth of the given statement (a sufficient condition) See sufficient (sense 2), necessary (sense 3e)
10.
(maths, logic) a presupposition, esp a restriction on the domain of quantification, indispensable to the proof of a theorem and stated as part of it
11.
(statistics) short for experimental condition
12.
rank, status, or position in life
13.
(conjunction) on condition that, upon condition that, provided that
verb (mainly transitive)
14.
(psychol)
  1. to alter the response of (a person or animal) to a particular stimulus or situation
  2. to establish a conditioned response in (a person or animal)
15.
to put into a fit condition or state
16.
to improve the condition of (one's hair) by use of special cosmetics
17.
to accustom or inure
18.
to subject to a condition
19.
(intransitive) (archaic) to make conditions
Word Origin
C14: from Latin conditiō, from condīcere to discuss, agree together, from con- together + dīcere to say

conditioning

/kənˈdɪʃənɪŋ/
noun
1.
(psychol) the learning process by which the behaviour of an organism becomes dependent on an event occurring in its environment See also classical conditioning, instrumental learning
adjective
2.
(of a shampoo, cosmetic, etc) intended to improve the condition of something a conditioning rinse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for conditioning

condition

n.

early 14c., condicioun, from Old French condicion "stipulation, state, behavior, social status" (12c., Modern French condition), from Latin condicionem (nominative condicio) "agreement, situation," from condicere "to speak with, talk together," from com- "together" (see com-) + dicere "to speak" (see diction). Evolution of meaning through "stipulation, condition," to "situation, mode of being."

v.

late 15c., "to make conditions," from condition (n.). Meaning "to bring to a desired condition" is from 1844. Related: Conditioned; conditioning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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conditioning in Medicine

condition con·di·tion (kən-dĭsh'ən)
n.

  1. A disease or physical ailment.

  2. A state of health or physical fitness.

v. con·di·tioned, con·di·tion·ing, con·di·tions
To cause an organism to respond in a specific manner to a conditioned stimulus in the absence of an unconditioned stimulus.

conditioning con·di·tion·ing (kən-dĭsh'ə-nĭng)
n.
A process of behavior modification by which a subject comes to associate a desired behavior with a previously unrelated stimulus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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conditioning in Science
conditioning
  (kən-dĭsh'ə-nĭng)   
See classical conditioning.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Idioms and Phrases with conditioning
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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