confuse

[kuhn-fyooz]
verb (used with object), confused, confusing.
1.
to perplex or bewilder: The flood of questions confused me.
2.
to make unclear or indistinct: The rumors and angry charges tended to confuse the issue.
3.
to fail to distinguish between; associate by mistake; confound: to confuse dates; He always confuses the twins.
4.
to disconcert or abash: His candor confused her.
5.
to combine without order; jumble; disorder: Try not to confuse the papers on the desk.
6.
Archaic. to bring to ruin or naught.

Origin:
back formation from confused (since early 19th century), Middle English confused < Anglo-French confus (with -ed -ed2 maintaining participial sense) < Latin confūsus, past participle of confundere; see confound

confusable, adjective
confusability, noun
confusably, adverb
confusedly [kuhn-fyoo-zid-lee, -fyoozd-] , adverb
confusedness, noun
preconfuse, verb (used with object), preconfused, preconfusing.
preconfusedly, adverb
reconfuse, verb (used with object), reconfused, reconfusing.
superconfused, adjective
unconfusable, adjective
unconfusably, adverb
unconfused, adjective
unconfusedly, adverb


1. mystify, nonplus. Confuse, disconcert, embarrass imply temporary interference with the clear working of one's mind. To confuse is to produce a general bewilderment: to confuse someone by giving complicated directions. To disconcert is to disturb one's mind by irritation, perplexities, etc.: to disconcert someone by asking irrelevant questions. To embarrass is to cause one to be ill at ease or uncomfortable, so that one's usual judgment and presence of mind desert one: to embarrass someone by unexpected rudeness. 4. mortify, shame. 5. disarray, disarrange, disturb.
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World English Dictionary
confuse (kənˈfjuːz)
 
vb
1.  to bewilder; perplex
2.  to mix up (things, ideas, etc); jumble
3.  to make unclear: he confused his talk with irrelevant details
4.  to fail to recognize the difference between; mistake (one thing) for another
5.  to disconcert; embarrass
6.  to cause to become disordered: the enemy ranks were confused by gas
 
[C18: back formation from confused, from Latin confūsus mingled together, from confundere to pour together; see confound]
 
con'fusable
 
adj
 
confusa'bility
 
n

confused (kənˈfjuːzd)
 
adj
1.  feeling or exhibiting an inability to understand; bewildered; perplexed
2.  in a disordered state; mixed up; jumbled
3.  lacking sufficient mental abilities for independent living, esp through old age
 
confusedly
 
adv
 
confusedness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

confuse
c.1550, in literal sense "mix or mingle things so as to render the elements indistinguishable;" attested from mid-18c. in active, figurative sense of "discomfit in mind or feeling;" not in general use until 19c., taking over senses formerly belonging to confound, dumbfound,
flabbergast etc. The pp. confused (q.v.) is attested much earlier (serving as an alternate p.t. to confound), and the verb here might be a back-formation from it. Related: Confusing (1846).

confused
early 14c., "discomfited, routed, defeated" (of groups), serving at first as an alternate pp. of confound, as Latin confusus was the pp. of confundere "to pour together, mix, mingle; to join together;" hence, figuratively, "to throw into disorder; to trouble, disturb,
upset." The Latin pp. also was used as an adjective, with reference to mental states, "troubled, embarrassed," and this passed into O.Fr. as confus "dejected, downcast, undone, defeated, discomfited in mind or feeling," which passed to M.E. as confus (14c.; e.g. Chaucer: "I am so confus, that I may not seye"), which then was assimilated to the English pp. pattern by addition of -ed. Of individuals, "discomfited in mind, perplexed," from mid-14c.; of ideas, speech, thought, etc., from 1610s. By mid-16c., the word seems to have been felt as a pure adj., and it evolved a back-formed verb in confuse. Few English etymologies are more confused.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The catch is that domain-generality in cognition should never be confused with
  the notion of general-purpose adaptation.
Never mind that the result was predictably confused.
Reasons for origins must not be confused with alterations for later use.
Either he misread the guide or in his calculations he confused cubic meters
  with square meters.
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