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congratulation

[kuh n-grach-uh-ley-shuh n or, often, -graj-, kuh ng-] /kənˌgrætʃ əˈleɪ ʃən or, often, -ˌgrædʒ-, kəŋ-/
noun
1.
the act of congratulating.
2.
congratulations, an expression of joy in the success or good fortune of another.
interjection
3.
congratulations, (used to express joy in the success or good fortune of another):
Congratulations! You have just won the lottery!
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Late Latin congrātulātiōn- (stem of congrātulātiō), equivalent to congrātulāt(us) (see congratulate) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
congratulational, adjective
precongratulation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for congratulational

congratulation

n.

mid-15c., from Latin congratulationem (nominative congratulatio), noun of action from past participle stem of congratulari "wish joy," from com- "together, with" (see com-) + gratulari "give thanks, show joy," from gratus "agreeable" (see grace (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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