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congratulation

[kuh n-grach-uh-ley-shuh n or, often, -graj-, kuh ng-] /kənˌgrætʃ əˈleɪ ʃən or, often, -ˌgrædʒ-, kəŋ-/
noun
1.
the act of congratulating.
2.
congratulations, an expression of joy in the success or good fortune of another.
interjection
3.
congratulations, (used to express joy in the success or good fortune of another):
Congratulations! You have just won the lottery!
Origin of congratulation
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Late Latin congrātulātiōn- (stem of congrātulātiō), equivalent to congrātulāt(us) (see congratulate) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
congratulational, adjective
precongratulation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for congratulations

congratulations

/kənˌɡrætjʊˈleɪʃənz/
plural noun, sentence substitute
1.
expressions of pleasure or joy; felicitations
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for congratulations

1630s, an exclamation conveying a sentiment of congratulation, from congratulation (q.v.).

congratulation

n.

mid-15c., from Latin congratulationem (nominative congratulatio), noun of action from past participle stem of congratulari "wish joy," from com- "together, with" (see com-) + gratulari "give thanks, show joy," from gratus "agreeable" (see grace (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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18
24
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