World English Dictionary
1.  (tr) grammar to inflect (a verb) systematically; state or set out the conjugation of (a verb)
2.  (intr) (of a verb) to undergo inflection according to a specific set of rules
3.  (tr) to join (two or more substances) together, esp in such a way that the resulting substance may easily be turned back into its original components
4.  (intr) biology to undergo conjugation
5.  obsolete (tr) to join together, esp in marriage
6.  joined together in pairs; coupled
7.  (Maths)
 a.  (of two angles) having a sum of 360°
 b.  (of two complex numbers) differing only in the sign of the imaginary part as 4 + 3i and 4 -- 3i
 c.  (of two algebraic numbers) being roots of the same irreducible algebraic equation with rational coefficients: 3 ± 2 √2 are conjugate algebraic numbers, being roots of x² -- 6x + 1
 d.  (of two elements of a square matrix) interchanged when the rows and columns are interchanged
 e.  (of two arcs) forming a complete circle or other closed curved figure
8.  chem of, denoting, or concerning the state of equilibrium in which two liquids can exist as two separate phases that are both solutions. The liquid that is the solute in one phase is the solvent in the other
9.  another word for conjugated
10.  chem (of acids and bases) related by loss or gain of a proton: Cl--is the conjugate base of HCl; HCl is the conjugate acid of Cl--
11.  physics
 a.  joined by a reciprocal relationship, such as in the case of two quantities, points, etc, that are interchangeable with respect to the properties of each of them
 b.  (of points connected with a lens) having the property that an object placed at one point will produce an image at the other point
12.  (of a compound leaf) having one pair of leaflets
13.  (of words) cognate; related in origin
14.  one of a pair or set of conjugate substances, values, quantities, words, etc
[C15: from Latin conjugāre to join together, from com- together + jugāre to marry, connect, from jugum a yoke]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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