connoisseur

[kon-uh-sur, -soor]
noun
1.
a person who is especially competent to pass critical judgments in an art, particularly one of the fine arts, or in matters of taste: a connoisseur of modern art.
2.
a discerning judge of the best in any field: a connoisseur of horses.

Origin:
1705–15; < French; Old French conoiseor < Latin cognōscitōr- (stem of cognōscitor) knower. See cognoscible, -tor

connoisseurship, noun


critic, aesthete.
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World English Dictionary
connoisseur (ˌkɒnɪˈsɜː)
 
n
a person with special knowledge or appreciation of a field, esp in the arts
 
[C18: from French, from Old French conoiseor, from connoistre to know, from Latin cognōscere]
 
connois'seurship
 
n

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

connoisseur
1714, from Fr., from O.Fr. conoisseor "a judge, one well-versed," from conoistre, from L. cognoscere "to know," from com- "with" + gnoscere "recognize" (see notice).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The readjustment reflects both a change of taste and a decline in connoisseurship.
For centuries art detectives had to rely mainly on connoisseurship.
There are a lot of people who write about food, but nobody has really
  concentrated on fruit connoisseurship.
He relished violence almost to the point of connoisseurship.
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