connotation

[kon-uh-tey-shuhn]
noun
1.
a.
the associated or secondary meaning of a word or expression in addition to its explicit or primary meaning: A possible connotation of “home” is “a place of warmth, comfort, and affection.”
b.
the suggesting of additional meanings by a word or expression, apart from its literal meaning; the act of connoting.
Compare denotation ( def 1 ).
2.
something suggested or implied by a word or thing, rather than being explicitly named or described: “Religion” has always had a negative connotation for me.
3.
Logic. the set of attributes constituting the meaning of a term and thus determining the range of objects to which that term may be applied; comprehension; intension.

Origin:
1375–1425 for earlier sense; 1525–35 for current senses; late Middle English connotacion < Medieval Latin connotātiōn- (stem of connotātiō), equivalent to connotāt(us) (past participle of connotāre to connote; see -ate1) + -iōn- -ion

connotative [kon-uh-tey-tiv, kuh-noh-tuh-] , connotive, adjective
connotatively, connotively, adverb
nonconnotative, adjective
nonconnotatively, adverb
unconnotative, adjective


2. undertone, implication, import.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
connotation (ˌkɒnəˈteɪʃən)
 
n
1.  an association or idea suggested by a word or phrase; implication
2.  the act or fact of connoting
3.  logic another name for intension
 
connotative
 
adj
 
con'notive
 
adj
 
'connotatively
 
adv
 
con'notively
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

connotation
1530s, from M.L. connotationem, from connotare "signify in addition to the main meaning," a term in logic, from L. com- "together" + notare "to mark" (see note). A word denotes its primary meaning, its barest adequate definition -- father denotes "one that has begotten." A
word connotes the attributes commonly associated with it -- father connotes "male sex, prior existence, greater experience, affection, guidance."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

connotation definition


The meaning that a word suggests or implies. A connotation includes the emotions or associations that surround a word. For example, the word modern strictly means “belonging to recent times,” but the word's connotations can include such notions as “new, up to date, experimental.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

connotation

in logic, correlative words that indicate the reference of a term or concept: "intension" indicates the internal content of a term or concept that constitutes its formal definition; and "extension" indicates its range of applicability by naming the particular objects that it denotes. For instance, the intension of "ship" as a substantive is "vehicle for conveyance on water," whereas its extension embraces such things as cargo ships, passenger ships, battleships, and sailing ships. The distinction between intension and extension is not the same as that between connotation and denotation.

Learn more about connotation with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Compression has come to have a negative connotation.
The word null doesn't carry the connotation of failure that the word negative does.
It is also tinged with the negative connotation of a country which sees itself in decline.
Remind students that what they write needs to have a positive connotation.
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