constable ship


[kon-stuh-buhl or, esp. British, kuhn-]
an officer of the peace, having police and minor judicial functions, usually in a small town, rural district, etc.
Chiefly British. a police officer.
an officer of high rank in medieval monarchies, usually the commander of all armed forces, especially in the absence of the ruler.
the keeper or governor of a royal fortress or castle.

1200–50; Middle English conestable < Anglo-French, Old French < Late Latin comes stabulī count2 of the stable1

constableship, noun
underconstable, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
constable (ˈkʌnstəbəl, ˌkɒn-)
1.  (in Britain, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, etc) a police officer of the lowest rank
2.  any of various officers of the peace, esp one who arrests offenders, serves writs, etc
3.  the keeper or governor of a royal castle or fortress
4.  (in medieval Europe) the chief military officer and functionary of a royal household, esp in France and England
5.  an officer of a hundred in medieval England, originally responsible for raising the military levy but later assigned other administrative duties
[C13: from Old French, from Late Latin comes stabulī officer in charge of the stable, from Latin comes comrade + stabulum dwelling, stable; see also count²]

Constable (ˈkʌnstəbəl)
John. 1776--1837, English landscape painter, noted particularly for his skill in rendering atmospheric effects of changing light

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1200, from O.Fr. conestable, principal officer of the Frankish king's household, from L.L. comes stabuli, lit. "count of the stable" (established by Theodosian Code, c.438 C.E.), hence, "chief groom." Probably a translation of a Gmc. word. Meaning "an officer of the peace" is from c.1600, transferred
to "police officer" 1836.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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