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contracture

[kuh n-trak-cher] /kənˈtræk tʃər/
noun, Pathology
1.
a shortening or distortion of muscular or connective tissue due to spasm, scar, or paralysis of the antagonist of the contracting muscle.
Origin
1650-1660
1650-60; < Latin contractūra, equivalent to contract(us) drawn together (past participle of contrahere; see contract) + -ūra -ure
Related forms
contractured, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for contractures

contracture

/kənˈtræktʃə/
noun
1.
a disorder in which a skeletal muscle is permanently tightened (contracted), most often caused by spasm or paralysis of the antagonist muscle that maintains normal muscle tension
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for contractures

contracture

n.

1650s, from French contracture, from Latin contractura "a drawing together," from contractus, past participle of contrahere (see contract (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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contractures in Medicine

contracture con·trac·ture (kən-trāk'chər)
n.
An abnormal, often permanent shortening, as of muscle or scar tissue, that results in distortion or deformity, especially of a joint of the body.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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