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conviction

[kuh n-vik-shuh n] /kənˈvɪk ʃən/
noun
1.
a fixed or firm belief:
No clever argument, no persuasive fact or theory could make a dent in his conviction in the rightness of his position.
2.
the act of convicting someone, as in a court of law; a declaration that a person is guilty of an offense.
3.
the state of being convicted.
4.
the act of convincing a person by argument or evidence.
5.
the state of being convinced.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Late Latin convictiōn- (stem of convictiō) proof (of guilt). See convict, -ion
Related forms
convictional, adjective
nonconviction, noun
preconviction, noun
proconviction, adjective
reconviction, noun
Synonyms
1. See belief.
Antonyms
5. doubt, uncertainty.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for convictions
  • Their records were searched for criminal arrests and convictions.
  • Others are tempted to skirt the truth when asked why they left a job or if they have past criminal convictions.
  • Obviously, some faculty members have convictions that no amount of evidence to the contrary can change.
  • Both sides have deeply held convictions which are based on experience and evidence that they have looked at.
  • Most of the wrongful convictions were based on eyewitness mistakes.
  • Even when the defense succeeds, the acquitted usually end up with sentences similar to or longer than those for convictions.
  • People with cruelty convictions would not have been allowed to own these animals.
  • Three quarters of those arrested during the riots had previous convictions.
  • That, according to his convictions, all living things descended from a common ancestor.
  • convictions expressed with the utmost confidence in the first edition of a book are scornfully renounced in the second.
British Dictionary definitions for convictions

conviction

/kənˈvɪkʃən/
noun
1.
the state or appearance of being convinced
2.
a fixed or firmly held belief, opinion, etc
3.
the act of convincing
4.
the act or an instance of convicting or the state of being convicted
5.
carry conviction, to be convincing
Derived Forms
convictional, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for convictions
n.

"those ideas which one believes to be true," 1883, plural of conviction.

conviction

n.

mid-15c., "the proving of guilt," from Late Latin convictionem (nominative convictio) "proof, refutation," noun of action from past participle stem of convincere (see convince). Meaning "mental state of being convinced" is from 1690s; that of "firm belief, a belief held as proven" is from 1841.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with convictions
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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