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cornice

[kawr-nis] /ˈkɔr nɪs/
noun
1.
Architecture.
  1. any prominent, continuous, horizontally projecting feature surmounting a wall or other construction, or dividing it horizontally for compositional purposes.
  2. the uppermost member of a classical entablature, consisting of a bed molding, a corona, and a cymatium, with rows of dentils, modillions, etc., often placed between the bed molding and the corona.
2.
any of various other ornamental horizontal moldings or bands, as for concealing hooks or rods from which curtains are hung or for supporting picture hooks.
3.
a mass of snow, ice, etc., projecting over a mountain ridge.
verb (used with object), corniced, cornicing.
4.
to furnish or finish with a cornice.
Origin
1555-1565
1555-65; < Italian: literally, crow (< Latin cornix); for the meaning, compare Greek korṓnē crow, crown
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for corn-icing

cornice

/ˈkɔːnɪs/
noun
1.
(architect)
  1. the top projecting mouldings of an entablature
  2. a continuous horizontal projecting course or moulding at the top of a wall, building, etc
2.
an overhanging ledge of snow formed by the wind on the edge of a mountain ridge, cliff, or corrie
verb
3.
(transitive) (architect) to furnish or decorate with or as if with a cornice
Word Origin
C16: from Old French, from Italian, perhaps from Latin cornix crow, but influenced also by Latin corōnis decorative flourish used by scribes, from Greek korōnis, from korōnē curved object, crown
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for corn-icing
cornice
1560s, from M.Fr. corniche, It. cornice "ornamental molding along a wall," perhaps from L. coronis "curved line, flourish in writing," from Gk. koronis "curved object."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for corn-icing

cornice

in architecture, the decorated projection at the top of a wall provided to protect the wall face or to ornament and finish the eaves. The term is used as well for any projecting element that crowns an architectural feature, such as a doorway. A cornice is also specifically the top member of the entablature (q.v.) of a Classical order (see order); it is in this case divided into three parts, a bed mold, corona, and cymatium.

Learn more about cornice with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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