corporal-ship

corporal

2 [kawr-per-uhl, -pruhl]
noun
1.
Military.
a.
a noncommissioned officer ranking above a private first class in the U.S. Army or lance corporal in the Marines and below a sergeant.
b.
a similar rank in the armed services of other countries.
2.
(initial capital letter) a U.S. surface-to-surface, single-stage ballistic missile.

Origin:
1570–80; < Middle French, variant of caporal (influenced by corporal corporal1) < Italian caporale, apparently contraction of phrase capo corporale corporal head, i.e., head of a body (of soldiers). See caput

corporalcy, corporalship, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
corporal1 (ˈkɔːpərəl, -prəl)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to the body; bodily
2.  an obsolete word for corporeal
 
[C14: from Latin corporālis of the body, from corpus body]
 
corpo'rality1
 
n
 
'corporally1
 
adv

corporal2 (ˈkɔːpərəl, -prəl)
 
n
1.  a noncommissioned officer junior to a sergeant in the army, air force, or marines
2.  (in the Royal Navy) a petty officer who assists the master-at-arms
 
[C16: from Old French, via Italian, from Latin caput head; perhaps also influenced in Old French by corps body (of men)]
 
'corporalship2
 
n

corporal or corporale3 (ˈkɔːpərəl, -prəl, ˌkɔːpəˈreɪlɪ)
 
n
a white linen cloth on which the bread and wine are placed during the Eucharist
 
[C14: from Medieval Latin corporāle pallium eucharistic altar cloth, from Latin corporālis belonging to the body, from corpus body (of Christ)]
 
corporale or corporale3
 
n
 
[C14: from Medieval Latin corporāle pallium eucharistic altar cloth, from Latin corporālis belonging to the body, from corpus body (of Christ)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

corporal
1570s, from M.Fr. corporal, from It. caporale "a corporal," from capo "chief, head," from L. caput "head" (see head). So called because he was in charge of a body of troops. Perhaps infl. by It. corpo, from L. corps "body." Or corps may be the source and caput the influence,
as the OED suggests. Corporal punishment "punishment of the body" (as opposed to fine or loss of rank or privilege) is from 1580s.

corporal
"of or belonging to the body," late 14c., from O.Fr. corporal, from L. corporalis, from corpus (gen. corporis) "body" (see corps). Corporal punishment (1580s) is that inflicted on the body as opposed to fines or loss of rank.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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