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[kawr-tuh-sawl, -sohl] /ˈkɔr təˌsɔl, -ˌsoʊl/
Biochemistry. one of several steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex and resembling cortisone in its action.
Pharmacology, hydrocortisone.
Origin of cortisol
1950-55; cortis(one) + -ol1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for cortisol
  • cortisol is an adrenal steroid hormone that is required for normal endocrine function.
  • Amino acids cortisol raises the free amino acids in the serum.
  • cortisol also inhibits iga in serum, as it does igm, but not ige.
  • Gastric secretion cortisol stimulates gastric acid secretion.
  • However, longterm exposure to cortisol results in damage to cells in the hippocampus.
British Dictionary definitions for cortisol


another name for hydrocortisone
Word Origin
C20: from cortis(one) + -ol²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cortisol

hydrocortisone, 1953, from cortisone + -ol.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cortisol in Medicine

cortisol cor·ti·sol (kôr'tĭ-sôl', -zôl', -sōl', -zōl')
See hydrocortisone.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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cortisol in Science
  (kôr'tĭ-sôl', -sōl')   
The principal steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex. It regulates carbohydrate metabolism and the immune system and maintains blood pressure. When natural or synthetic cortisol is used as a pharmaceutical, it is known as hydrocortisone.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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