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incentive

[in-sen-tiv] /ɪnˈsɛn tɪv/
noun
1.
something that incites or tends to incite to action or greater effort, as a reward offered for increased productivity.
adjective
2.
inciting, as to action; stimulating; provocative.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Late Latin incentīvus provocative, Latin: setting the tune, equivalent to incent(us) (past participle of incinere to play (an instrument, tunes); in- in-2 + -cinere, combining form of canere to sing) + -īvus -ive
Related forms
incentively, adverb
counterincentive, noun
nonincentive, adjective
preincentive, noun
superincentive, noun, adjective
Synonyms
1. stimulus, spur, incitement, impulse, encouragement; goad, prod. See motive.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for counter incentive

incentive

/ɪnˈsɛntɪv/
noun
1.
a motivating influence; stimulus
2.
  1. an additional payment made to employees as a means of increasing production
  2. (as modifier) an incentive scheme
adjective
3.
serving to incite to action
Derived Forms
incentively, adverb
Word Origin
C15: from Late Latin incentīvus (adj), from Latin: striking up, setting the tune, from incinere to sing, from in-² + canere to sing
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for counter incentive
incentive
early 15c., from L.L. incentivum, noun use of neut. L. adj. incentivus "setting the tune" (in L.L. "inciting"), from stem of incinere "strike up," from in- "in, into" + canere "sing" (see chant). Sense influenced by association with incendere "to kindle." The adjective use, in reference to a system of rewards meant to encourage harder work, first attested 1943 in jargon of the U.S. war economy; as a noun, in this sense, from 1948.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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