counter project

project

[n. proj-ekt, -ikt; v. pruh-jekt]
noun
1.
something that is contemplated, devised, or planned; plan; scheme.
2.
a large or major undertaking, especially one involving considerable money, personnel, and equipment.
3.
a specific task of investigation, especially in scholarship.
4.
Education. a supplementary, long-term educational assignment necessitating personal initiative, undertaken by an individual student or a group of students.
5.
Often, projects. housing project.
verb (used with object), project.
6.
to propose, contemplate, or plan.
7.
to throw, cast, or impel forward or onward.
8.
to set forth or calculate (some future thing): They projected the building costs for the next five years.
9.
to throw or cause to fall upon a surface or into space, as a ray of light or a shadow.
10.
to cause (a figure or image) to appear, as on a background.
11.
to regard (something within the mind, as a feeling, thought, or attitude) as having some form of reality outside the mind: He projected a thrilling picture of the party's future.
12.
to cause to jut out or protrude.
13.
Geometry.
a.
to throw forward an image of (a figure or the like) by straight lines or rays, either parallel, converging, or diverging, that pass through all its points and reproduce it on another surface or figure.
b.
to transform the points (of one figure) into those of another by a correspondence between points.
14.
to present (an idea, program, etc.) for consideration or action: They made every effort to project the notion of world peace.
15.
to use (one's voice, gestures, etc.) forcefully enough to be perceived at a distance, as by all members of the audience in a theater.
16.
to communicate clearly and forcefully (one's thoughts, personality, role, etc.) to an audience, as in a theatrical performance; produce a compelling image of.
17.
to cause (the voice) to appear to come from a source other than oneself, as in ventriloquism; throw.
verb (used without object), project.
18.
to extend or protrude beyond something else.
19.
to use one's voice forcefully enough to be heard at a distance, as in a theater.
20.
to produce a clear impression of one's thoughts, personality, role, etc., in an audience; communicate clearly and forcefully.
21.
Psychology. to ascribe one's own feelings, thoughts, or attitudes to others.

Origin:
1350–1400; (noun) Middle English project(e) design, plan < Medieval Latin prōjectum, Latin: projecting part, noun use of neuter of Latin prōjectus, past participle of prōicere to throw forward, extend, equivalent to prō- pro-1 + -icere, combining form of jacere to throw; (v.) late Middle English project(e) (past participle) extended, projected < Latin prōjectus

projectable, adjective
projectingly, adverb
counterproject, noun
nonprojecting, adjective
reproject, verb
subproject, noun
unprojected, adjective
unprojecting, adjective


1. proposal. See plan. 6. contrive, scheme, plot, devise. 8. predict. 18. bulge, obtrude, overhang.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
project
 
n
1.  a proposal, scheme, or design
2.  a.  a task requiring considerable or concerted effort, such as one by students
 b.  the subject of such a task
3.  (US) short for housing project
 
vb
4.  (tr) to propose or plan
5.  (tr) to predict; estimate; extrapolate: we can project future needs on the basis of the current birth rate
6.  (tr) to throw or cast forwards
7.  to jut or cause to jut out
8.  (tr) to send forth or transport in the imagination: to project oneself into the future
9.  (tr) to cause (an image) to appear on a surface
10.  to cause (one's voice) to be heard clearly at a distance
11.  psychol
 a.  (intr) (esp of a child) to believe that others share one's subjective mental life
 b.  Compare introject to impute to others (one's hidden desires and impulses), esp as a means of defending oneself
12.  (tr) geometry to draw a projection of
13.  (intr) to communicate effectively, esp to a large gathering
 
[C14: from Latin prōicere to throw down, from pro-1 + iacere to throw]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

project
c.1400, "a plan, draft, scheme," from L. projectum "something thrown forth," noun use of neuter of projectus, pp. of projicere "stretch out, throw forth," from pro- "forward" + combining form of jacere (pp. jactus) "to throw" (see jet (v.)). Meaning "scheme, proposal, mental plan" is from 1601. Meaning
"group of low-rent apartment buildings" first recorded c.1958, from housing project (1932).

project
c.1477, "to plan," from L. projectus (see project (n.)). Sense of "to stick out" is from 1718. Meaning "to cast an image on a screen" is recorded from 1865. Psychoanalytical sense, "to convey to others," is first recorded 1895 (implied in projective). Projection is from
1557, originally cartographical, "drawing of a map or chart according to scale;" Projector "one who forms a project" is from 1596; in the optical, camera sense it is from 1884; projectionist is from 1922.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

project proj·ect (prŏj'kt', -ĭkt)
n.

  1. A plan or proposal; a scheme.

  2. An undertaking requiring concerted effort.

v. (prə-jěkt') pro·ject·ed, pro·ject·ing, pro·jects
  1. To extend forward or out; jut out:

  2. To cause an image to appear on a surface.

  3. In psychology, to externalize and attribute something, such as an emotion, to someone or something else.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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