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criticism

[krit-uh-siz-uh m] /ˈkrɪt əˌsɪz əm/
noun
1.
the act of passing judgment as to the merits of anything.
2.
the act of passing severe judgment; censure; faultfinding.
3.
the act or art of analyzing and evaluating or judging the quality of a literary or artistic work, musical performance, art exhibit, dramatic production, etc.
4.
a critical comment, article, or essay; critique.
5.
any of various methods of studying texts or documents for the purpose of dating or reconstructing them, evaluating their authenticity, analyzing their content or style, etc.:
historical criticism; literary criticism.
6.
investigation of the text, origin, etc., of literary documents, especially Biblical ones:
textual criticism.
Origin
1600-1610
1600-10; critic + -ism
Related forms
countercriticism, noun
overcriticism, noun
precriticism, noun
Can be confused
critic, criticism, critique.
Synonyms
2. stricture, animadversion. 4. See review.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for counter-criticism

criticism

/ˈkrɪtɪˌsɪzəm/
noun
1.
the act or an instance of making an unfavourable or severe judgment, comment, etc
2.
the analysis or evaluation of a work of art, literature, etc
3.
the occupation of a critic
4.
a work that sets out to evaluate or analyse
5.
Also called textual criticism. the investigation of a particular text, with related material, in order to establish an authentic text
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for counter-criticism

criticism

n.

c.1600, "action of criticizing," from critic + -ism. Meaning "art of estimating literary worth" is from 1670s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for counter-criticism

criticism

the analysis and evaluation of works of art. More subtly, art criticism is often tied to theory; it is interpretive, involving the effort to understand a particular work of art from a theoretical perspective and to establish its significance in the history of art.

Learn more about criticism with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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