counter-fact

counterfactual

[koun-ter-fak-choo-uhl]
noun Logic.
a conditional statement the first clause of which expresses something contrary to fact, as “If I had known.”

Origin:
1945–50; counter- + factual

counterfact, noun
counterfactually, adverb
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World English Dictionary
counterfactual (ˌkauntəˈfæktʃʊəl)
 
adj
1.  expressing what has not happened but could, would, or might under differing conditions
 
n
2.  a conditional statement in which the first clause is a past tense subjunctive statement expressing something contrary to fact, as in: if she had hurried she would have caught the bus

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Word Origin & History

counterfactual
1946, from counter- + factual.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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