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coup1

[koo] /ku/
noun, plural coups
[kooz; French koo] /kuz; French ku/ (Show IPA)
1.
a highly successful, unexpected stroke, act, or move; a clever action or accomplishment.
2.
(among the Plains Indians of North America) a brave or reckless deed performed in battle by a single warrior, as touching or striking an enemy warrior without sustaining injury oneself.
Idioms
4.
count coup,
  1. to perform a coup.
  2. to recount or relate the coups one has performed.
Origin
1640-1650
1640-50; < French: literally, blow, stroke, Old French colp < Late Latin colpus, Latin colaphus < Greek kólaphos

coup2

[kohp, koop] /koʊp, kup/
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), Scot.
1.
overturn; upset.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English coupe to pay for < Old Norse kaupa to buy, barter; cognate with Old English cēapian, German kaufen. See cheap
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for coups
  • In the past the laws have been used to protect governments, to protect military coups.
British Dictionary definitions for coups

coup1

/kuː/
noun
1.
a brilliant and successful stroke or action
2.
short for coup d'état
Word Origin
C18: from French: blow, from Latin colaphus blow with the fist, from Greek kolaphos

coup2

/kaʊp/
verb
1.
to turn or fall over
noun
2.
a rubbish tip
Word Origin
C15: perhaps identical with obsolete cope to strike; see cope1

coup3

/kaʊp/
verb
1.
(Scot) to barter; traffic; deal
Word Origin
C14: from Old Norse kaupa to buy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for coups

coup

n.

c.1400, from Old French coup, colp "a blow, strike" (12c.), from Medieval Latin colpus, from Vulgar Latin colapus, from Latin colaphus "a cuff, box on the ear," from Greek kolaphos "a blow, slap." Meaning "a sudden decisive act" is 1852, short for coup d'etat. In Modern French the word is a workhorse, describing everything from a pat on the back to a whipping, and is used as well of thunder, gusts of wind, gunshots, and chess moves.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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coups in Culture
coup [(kooh)]

In politics, an abbreviation for coup d'état.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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9
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