The cover-crop seed is covered the last time over with the cultivator.
Intensive cultivation continues, the vines are treated for pests and the annual cover-crop follows cultivation.
As a cover-crop for poor land it adds much humus to the soil and makes capital grazing.
Whether provided with a cover-crop to be turned under or hard and bare, the land must be broken each spring with the plow.
The fruit should be nearly full sized when tillage is stopped and the cover-crop sown.
Thus, cultivation must cease early in the season, and a cover-crop be sown to help harden and mature the vines.
Usually a pear-orchard should be cultivated once in two or three weeks until time to sow the cover-crop in midsummer.
The cover-crop seed is covered the last time the cultivator goes over the orchard.