crania

cranium

[krey-nee-uhm]
noun, plural craniums, crania [krey-nee-uh] .
1.
the skull of a vertebrate.
2.
the part of the skull that encloses the brain.
Also called braincase.


Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English craneum < Medieval Latin crānium < Greek krāníon skull; akin to ceratokoi·ə , cerebrum, cornu, horn

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World English Dictionary
cranium (ˈkreɪnɪəm)
 
n , pl -niums, -nia
1.  the skull of a vertebrate
2.  Nontechnical name: brainpan the part of the skull that encloses the brain
 
[C16: from Medieval Latin crānium skull, from Greek kranion]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cranium
1540s, from M.L. cranium, from Gk. kranion "skull," related to kara "head." Strictly, the bones which enclose the brain.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

cranium cra·ni·um (krā'nē-əm)
n. pl. cra·ni·ums or cra·ni·a (-nē-ə)

  1. The bones of the head considered as a group; skull.

  2. The bony case enclosing the brain, excluding the bones of the face; braincase.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
cranium   (krā'nē-əm)  Pronunciation Key 
Plural craniums or crania
The vertebrate skull, especially the part that encloses and protects the brain.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
cranium [(kray-nee-uhm)]

The part of the skull that encloses the brain.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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