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craps

[kraps] /kræps/
noun, (usually used with a singular verb)
1.
a game in which two dice are thrown and in which a first throw of 7 or 11 wins, a first throw of 2, 3, or 12 loses, and a first throw of 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10 can be won only by throwing the same number again before throwing a 7.
Origin
1835-1845
1835-45, Americanism; apparently < French craps, variant of crabs double-ace (lowest throw at hazard) < 18th-century E slang: plural of crab1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for craps's

craps

/kræps/
noun (usually functioning as sing)
1.
a gambling game using two dice, in which a player wins the bet if 7 or 11 is thrown first, and loses if 2, 3, or 12 is thrown
2.
shoot craps, to play this game
Word Origin
C19: probably from crabs lowest throw at dice, plural of crab1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for craps's

craps

n.

1843, American English, unrelated to the term for excrement, instead it is from Louisiana French craps "the game of hazard," from an 18c. continental French corruption of English crabs, which was 18c. slang for "a throw of two or three" (the lowest throw), which perhaps is from crab (n.2), the sense in crab apple. The 1843 citation (in an anti-gambling publication) calls it "a game lately introduced into New Orleans."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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9
11
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