crash

1 [krash]
verb (used without object)
1.
to make a loud, clattering noise, as of something dashed to pieces.
2.
to break or fall to pieces with noise.
3.
(of moving vehicles, objects, etc.) to collide, especially violently and noisily.
4.
to move or go with a crash; strike with a crash.
5.
Aeronautics. to land in an abnormal manner, usually causing severe damage: The airliner crashed.
6.
to collapse or fail suddenly, as a financial enterprise: The stock market crashed.
7.
Informal. to gain admittance to a party, performance, etc., without an invitation, ticket, or permission.
8.
Slang.
a.
to sleep.
b.
to have a temporary place to sleep or live without payment: He let me crash at his house.
c.
to fall asleep: I get home in the evening and I just crash till it's time for dinner.
9.
Slang. to experience unpleasant sensations, as sudden exhaustion or depression, when a drug, especially an amphetamine, wears off.
10.
Medicine/Medical Slang. to suffer cardiac arrest.
11.
Ecology. (of a population) to decline rapidly.
12.
Computers. to shut down because of a malfunction of hardware or software.
verb (used with object)
13.
to break into pieces violently and noisily; shatter.
14.
to force or drive with violence and noise (usually followed by in, through, out, etc.).
15.
Aeronautics. to cause (an aircraft) to make a landing in an abnormal manner, usually damaging or wrecking the aircraft.
16.
Informal.
a.
to gain admittance to, even though uninvited: to crash a party.
b.
to enter without a ticket, permission, etc.: to crash the gate at a football game.
noun
17.
a sudden loud noise, as of something being violently smashed or struck: the crash of thunder.
18.
a breaking or falling to pieces with loud noise: the sudden crash of dishes.
19.
a collision or crashing, as of automobiles, trains, etc.
20.
the shock of collision and breaking.
21.
a sudden and violent falling to ruin.
22.
a sudden general collapse of a business enterprise, prosperity, the stock market, etc.: the crash of 1929.
23.
Aeronautics. an act or instance of crashing.
24.
Ecology. a sudden, rapid decline in the size of a population.
adjective
25.
characterized by an intensive effort, especially to deal with an emergency, meet a deadline, etc.: a crash plan to house flood victims; a crash diet.

Origin:
1350–1400; 1920–25 def. 16; 1870–75 for def 22; Middle English crasche, blend of crase to break (see craze) and masche mash

crasher, noun


13. smash. 21. failure, ruin.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

crash

2 [krash]
noun
1.
a plain-weave fabric of rough, irregular, or lumpy yarns, for toweling, dresses, etc.
2.
Bookbinding. starched cotton fabric used to reinforce the spine of a bound book.

Origin:
1805–15; probably < Russian krashenína painted or dyed coarse linen, equivalent to kráshen() painted (past participle of krásit' to paint) + -ina noun suffix

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
crash1 (kræʃ)
 
vb
1.  to make or cause to make a loud noise as of solid objects smashing or clattering
2.  to fall or cause to fall with force, breaking in pieces with a loud noise as of solid objects smashing
3.  (intr) to break or smash in pieces with a loud noise
4.  (intr) to collapse or fail suddenly: this business is sure to crash
5.  to cause (an aircraft) to hit land or water violently resulting in severe damage or (of an aircraft) to hit land or water in this way
6.  to cause (a car, etc) to collide with another car or other object or (of two or more cars) to be involved in a collision
7.  to move or cause to move violently or noisily: to crash through a barrier
8.  informal (Brit) short for gate-crash
9.  (intr) (of a computer system or program) to fail suddenly and completely because of a malfunction
10.  slang (intr) another term for crash out
11.  informal crash and burn to fail; be unsuccessful
 
n
12.  an act or instance of breaking and falling to pieces
13.  a sudden loud noise: the crash of thunder
14.  a collision, as between vehicles
15.  a sudden descent of an aircraft as a result of which it hits land or water
16.  the sudden collapse of a business, stock exchange, etc, esp one causing further financial failure
17.  (modifier)
 a.  requiring or using intensive effort and all possible resources in order to accomplish something quickly: a crash programme
 b.  sudden or vigorous: a crash halt; a crash tackle
18.  informal crash-and-burn a complete failure
 
[C14: probably from crasen to smash, shatter + dasshen to strike violently, dash1; see craze]
 
'crasher1
 
n

crash2 (kræʃ)
 
n
a coarse cotton or linen cloth used for towelling, curtains, etc
 
[C19: from Russian krashenina coloured linen]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

crash
c.1400, crasschen "break in pieces," appeared 14c. with no identifiable ancestors or relatives, and is probably onomatopoeic. Sense of "financial collapse" is 1817, "collision" is 1910, "falling airplane" is W.W.I. Computing sense is 1973, which makes it one of the earliest computer jargon words. Meaning
"break into a party, etc." is 1922. Slang meaning "sleep" dates from 1943; especially from 1965.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

crash definition


1. A sudden, usually drastic failure. Most often said of the system, especially of magnetic disk drives (the term originally described what happened when the air gap of a hard disk collapses). "Three lusers lost their files in last night's disk crash." A disk crash that involves the read/write heads dropping onto the surface of the disks and scraping off the oxide may also be referred to as a "head crash", whereas the term "system crash" usually, though not always, implies that the operating system or other software was at fault.
2. To fail suddenly. "Has the system just crashed?" "Something crashed the OS!" See down. Also used transitively to indicate the cause of the crash (usually a person or a program, or both). "Those idiots playing SPACEWAR crashed the system."
[Jargon File]
(1994-12-01)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

crash

any of several rugged fabrics made from yarns that are irregular, firm, strong, and smooth but sometimes raw and unprocessed. Included are gray, bleached, boiled, plain, twill, and fancy-weave crash. The coarsest type is called Russian crash. Linen is generally used for the warp yarn, while linen, jute, or a mixture of linen and jute is used for the filler. Plain weave is normally employed, but twill is sometimes used.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
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