cretin

[kreet-n or, esp. British, kret-n]
noun
1.
a person suffering from cretinism.
2.
a stupid, obtuse, or mentally defective person.

Origin:
1770–80; < French; Franco-Provençal creitin, crestin human being, literally, Christian (hence one who is human despite deformities)

cretinoid, adjective
cretinous, adjective
semicretin, noun
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World English Dictionary
cretin (ˈkrɛtɪn)
 
n
1.  old-fashioned a person afflicted with cretinism
2.  offensive a person considered to be extremely stupid
 
[C18: from French crétin, from Swiss French crestin, from Latin ChrīstiānusChristian, alluding to the humanity of such people, despite their handicaps]
 
'cretinoid
 
adj
 
'cretinous
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cretin
1779, from Fr. Alpine dialect crestin, "a dwarfed and deformed idiot" of a type formerly found in families in the Alpine lands, a condition caused by a congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones, from V.L. *christianus "a Christian," a generic term for "anyone," but often with a sense of "poor fellow."
Related: Cretinism (1801).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

cretin cre·tin (krēt'n)
n.
A person afflicted with cretinism.


cre'tin·oid' (-oid') adj.
cre'tin·ous (-əs) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Another corpulent cretinous centipede who either does not understand how science is done or willfully neglects it.
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