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Creusot, Le

industrial town, Saone-et-Loire departement, Burgundy region, east-central France. It is located about 40 miles (65 km) southwest of Dijon. In 1782 a foundry and blast furnaces, using coal instead of wood for the first time in France, were built at Le Creusot. Shortly afterward, John Wilkinson, an English ironmaster, built coke-burning blast furnaces and began producing arms with machinery brought from England. The town's metallurgical industry subsequently declined until 1836, when the brothers Adolphe and Eugene Schneider founded the Societe des Forges et Ateliers du Creusot ("Creusot Forge and Workshop Company"), which produced the first French locomotives as well as armour plate. Iron is no longer manufactured in Le Creusot, but the production of special steels and their subsequent transformation remain important activities. However, since the 1984 collapse of the Creusot-Loire group, which controlled the greater part of this production, and an important related loss of jobs, priority has been given to restructuring the town's economy. Some success has been achieved with the arrival of new industries (including the manufacture of aircraft engines and precision engineering) and services, but this has not prevented the decline in population. Le Creusot had been one of the chief armaments-producing centres of Europe. Accessibility has increased through improvements to the road network, and the town is connected to the Paris-to-Lyon high-speed train line. Pop. (1999) 26,283; (2005 est.) 23,800

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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