cri-du-chat syndrome

Medical Dictionary

cri-du-chat syndrome (crē-dōō-shä')
n.
A chromosomal disorder marked by microcephaly, epicanthal folds, micrognathia, strabismus, mental and physical retardation, and a characteristic catlike whine. Also called cat-cry syndrome, Lejeune syndrome.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

cri-du-chat syndrome

rare congenital disorder caused by partial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 5, characterized by mental retardation, mild facial abnormalities, anomalies of dermal ridge patterns (fingerprints, palm prints, and footprints), heart malformations, a failure to thrive, and a high-pitched, wailing cry likened to that of a cat (the name is French for "cat cry").

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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