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criminal justice

noun
1.
the system of law enforcement, involving police, lawyers, courts, and corrections, used for all stages of criminal proceedings and punishment.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for criminal justice

interdisciplinary academic study of the police, criminal courts, correctional institutions (e.g., prisons), and juvenile justice agencies, as well as of the agents who operate within these institutions. Criminal justice is distinct from criminal law, which defines the specific behaviours that are prohibited by and punishable under law, and from criminology, which is the scientific study of the nonlegal aspects of crime and delinquency, including their causes, correction, and prevention

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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