Crocus-martis

crocus

[kroh-kuhs]
noun, plural crocuses.
1.
any of the small, bulbous plants of the genus Crocus, of the iris family, cultivated for their showy, solitary flowers, which are among the first to bloom in the spring.
2.
the flower or bulb of the crocus.
3.
a deep yellow; orangish yellow; saffron.
4.
Also called crocus martis [mahr-tis] . a polishing powder consisting of iron oxide.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin < Greek krókos saffron, crocus < Semitic; compare Arabic kurkum saffron

crocused, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
crocus (ˈkrəʊkəs)
 
n , pl -cuses
1.  See also autumn crocus any plant of the iridaceous genus Crocus, widely cultivated in gardens, having white, yellow, or purple flowers
2.  another name for jeweller's rouge
 
adj
3.  of a saffron yellow colour
 
[C17: from New Latin, from Latin crocus, from Greek krokos saffron, of Semitic origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

crocus
late 14c., from L. crocus, from Gk. krokos "saffron, crocus," probably of Semitic origin (cf. Arabic kurkum), ult. from Skt. kunkumam. The autumnal crocus (Crocus sativa) was a common source of yellow dye in Roman times, and was perhaps grown in England, where the word existed as O.E. croh, but this
form of the word was forgotten by the time the plant was re-introduced in Western Europe by the Crusaders.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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