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crocus

[kroh-kuh s] /ˈkroʊ kəs/
noun, plural crocuses.
1.
any of the small, bulbous plants of the genus Crocus, of the iris family, cultivated for their showy, solitary flowers, which are among the first to bloom in the spring.
2.
the flower or bulb of the crocus.
3.
a deep yellow; orangish yellow; saffron.
4.
Also called crocus martis
[mahr-tis] /ˈmɑr tɪs/ (Show IPA)
. a polishing powder consisting of iron oxide.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin < Greek krókos saffron, crocus < Semitic; compare Arabic kurkum saffron
Related forms
crocused, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for crocuses

crocus

/ˈkrəʊkəs/
noun (pl) -cuses
1.
any plant of the iridaceous genus Crocus, widely cultivated in gardens, having white, yellow, or purple flowers See also autumn crocus
2.
another name for jeweller's rouge
adjective
3.
of a saffron yellow colour
Word Origin
C17: from New Latin, from Latin crocus, from Greek krokos saffron, of Semitic origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for crocuses

crocus

n.

late 14c., from Latin crocus, from Greek krokos "saffron, crocus," probably of Semitic origin (cf. Arabic kurkum), ultimately from Sanskrit kunkumam, unless the Sanskrit word is from the Semitic one. The autumnal crocus (Crocus sativa) was a common source of yellow dye in Roman times, and was perhaps grown in England, where the word existed as Old English croh, but this form of the word was forgotten by the time the plant was re-introduced in Western Europe by the Crusaders.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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12
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