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[kruhm-hawrn] /ˈkrʌmˌhɔrn/
a Renaissance musical reed instrument having a cylindrical tube curved at the end.
Also, cromorne, krumhorn.
1950-55; < German Krummhorn, equivalent to krumm crooked, bent + Horn horn Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for crumhorn


a medieval woodwind instrument of bass pitch, consisting of an almost cylindrical tube curving upwards and blown through a double reed covered by a pierced cap
Word Origin
C17 cromorne, krumhorn, from German Krummhorn curved horn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for crumhorn

(from Middle English crump: "crooked"), double-reed wind instrument that flourished between the 15th century and about 1650. It consists of a small boxwood pipe of cylindrical bore, curved upward at the lower end and pierced with finger holes like those of a recorder. Its reed is enclosed in a wooden cap with a blowing orifice in the top. The tone is reedy and nasal. Crumhorns were built in families, from great bass to sopranino, each instrument having a compass of a ninth. Their manufacture was resumed in the 20th century.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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