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[krooz, kroos] /kruz, krus/
an earthen pot, bottle, etc., for liquids.
Origin of cruse
1225-75; Middle English crouse (Old English crūse; cognate with German Krause pot with lid), conflated with croo (Old English crōg, crōh; cognate with German Krug jug) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for cruse
Historical Examples
  • Two of the cruse lamps had by this time spent their oil, and their flames had died out.

    The Thirsty Sword Robert Leighton
  • An handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse.

    Familiar Quotations John Bartlett
  • Mr. cruse had been at St. Bees, but had afterwards gone to the University.

    The Bertrams Anthony Trollope
  • And the barrel of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail.

    Familiar Quotations John Bartlett
  • A cake baken on the coals is beside him, and the cruse of water, to refresh him and keep him from destruction.

    Bible Emblems Edward E. Seelye
  • Mr. cruse himself had not shone very brightly at the University.

    The Bertrams Anthony Trollope
  • God is good;—the "barrel of meal" does not fail, nor the "cruse of oil."

  • The better rendering is "cruse" or "flask" instead of "box."

    Jesus the Christ James Edward Talmage
  • It was a provision, simple indeed, but for his moderate wants more than sufficient—a cake baked on the coals and a cruse of water.

  • Your garner and sympathy have been like the widow's cruse, and may they ever continue to be so.

British Dictionary definitions for cruse


a small earthenware container used, esp formerly, for liquids
Word Origin
Old English crūse; related to Middle High German krūse, Dutch kroes jug
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cruse

"small vessel for liquids," early 15c., perhaps related to Old Norse krus "pot, tankard," from a general Germanic root of unknown origin. Cf. Middle Dutch cruese, Dutch kroes "cup, pot, mug," Middle Low German krus, Danish krus "mug, jug," German Krause "jug, mug."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cruse in the Bible

a utensil; a flask or cup for holding water (1 Sam. 26:11, 12, 16; 1 Kings 19:6) or oil (1 Kings 17:12, 14, 16). In 1 Kings 14:3 the word there so rendered means properly a bottle, as in Jer. 19:1, 10, or pitcher. In 2 Kings 2:20, a platter or flat metal saucer is intended. The Hebrew word here used is translated "dish" in 21:13; "pans," in 2 Chr. 35:13; and "bosom," in Prov. 19:24; 26:15 (R.V., "dish").

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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