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city, seat (1877) of Cullman county, on Brindley Mountain, northern Alabama, U.S., about 45 miles (70 km) north of Birmingham. It was founded in 1873 by German settlers led by Johann Gottfried Cullmann. The Cullman area is the top agricultural producer in Alabama, with poultry being most important. Industry is also a major factor in the local economy; it includes the manufacture of automotive parts, textiles, air compressors, and metal products. Wallace State Community College is in nearby Hanceville. Clarkson covered bridge (1904), one of the largest covered bridges in Alabama, is 9 miles (14 km) west of Cullman, and Ave Maria Grotto, just outside the city, contains miniature buildings. The Cullman County Museum is a replica of Cullmann's home. Lewis Smith Lake, impounded by Lewis Smith Dam (1961) on Sipsey Fork as a source of hydroelectric power, provides recreational opportunities with more than 500 miles (800 km) of shoreline. The Bluegrass Superjam music festival is held in April and November. Inc. 1878. Pop. (1990) 13,367; (2000) 13,995.