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Cumberland Presbyterian Church

denomination organized in 1810 by a group of Presbyterians on the Kentucky-Tennessee frontier who left the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. The immediate cause of the separation was a religious revival in the Kentucky area (1799-1802) that brought many converts into the church and led to a shortage of ordained ministers. The Cumberland Presbytery of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. ordained some men who were considered by the church's Synod of Kentucky to be unqualified because they lacked education. The Synod of Kentucky dissolved the Cumberland Presbytery in 1806, and four years later some of the rejected ministers organized the independent Cumberland Presbytery, which grew rapidly and developed into the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. This church stressed evangelism, repudiated predestination, and avoided highly centralized authority in their church government.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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