curial

curia

[kyoor-ee-uh]
noun, plural curiae [kyoor-ee-ee] .
1.
one of the political subdivisions of each of the three tribes of ancient Rome.
2.
the building in which such a division or group met, as for worship or public deliberation.
3.
the senate house in ancient Rome.
4.
the senate of an ancient Italian town.
5.
(sometimes initial capital letter) Curia Romana.
6.
the papal court.
7.
the administrative aides of a bishop.

Origin:
1590–1600; < Latin cūria, perhaps < *coviria, equivalent to co- co- + vir man + -ia -ia

curial, adjective
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World English Dictionary
curia (ˈkjʊərɪə)
 
n , pl -riae
1.  (sometimes capital) the papal court and government of the Roman Catholic Church
2.  in ancient Rome
 a.  any of the ten subdivisions of the Latin, Sabine, or Etruscan tribes
 b.  a meeting place of such a subdivision
 c.  the senate house of Rome
 d.  the senate of an Italian town under Roman administration
3.  See also Curia Regis (in the Middle Ages) a court held in the king's name
 
[C16: from Latin, from Old Latin coviria (unattested), from co- + vir man]
 
'curial
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

curia
1600, one of the ten divisions of each of the three ancient Roman tribes. Also "the Senate-house of Rome," transferred to the Papal court (1840).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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