curtal

curtal

[kur-tl]
adjective
1.
Archaic. wearing a short frock: a curtal friar.
2.
Obsolete. brief; curtailed.
noun
3.
a 16th-century bassoon.
4.
Obsolete. an animal with a docked tail.

Origin:
1500–10; earlier courtault < Middle French, equivalent to court short (see curt) + -ault, variant of -ald noun suffix; see ribald

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World English Dictionary
curtal (ˈkɜːtəl)
 
adj
1.  cut short
2.  (of friars) wearing a short frock
 
n
3.  an animal whose tail has been docked
4.  something that is cut short
 
[C16: from Old French courtault animal whose tail has been docked, from court short, from Latin curtus; see curt]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

curtal

Renaissance-era musical instrument and predecessor of the bassoon, with a double-back bore cut from a single piece of wood and built in sizes from treble to double bass (sometimes called the double curtal in England and the Choristfagott in Germany). The curtal was developed in the 16th century, probably in Italy, to be used with choirs as a bass that would be less clamorous than the brasses of the time.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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