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jib1

[jib] /dʒɪb/
noun, Nautical
1.
any of various triangular sails set forward of a forestaysail or fore-topmast staysail.
2.
the inner one of two such sails, set inward from a flying jib.
adjective
3.
of or pertaining to a jib:
jib clew.
Idioms
4.
cut of one's jib, one's general appearance, mien, or manner:
I could tell by the cut of his jib that he wasn't the kind of person I'd want to deal with.
Origin
1655-1665
1655-65; origin uncertain
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for cut of his jib

jib1

/dʒɪb/
noun
1.
(nautical) any triangular sail set forward of the foremast of a vessel
2.
cut of someone's jib, someone's manner, behaviour, style, etc
3.
(obsolete)
  1. the lower lip, usually when it protrudes forwards in a grimace
  2. the face or nose
Word Origin
C17: of unknown origin

jib2

/dʒɪb/
verb (intransitive) (mainly Brit) jibs, jibbing, jibbed
1.
(often foll by at) to be reluctant (to); hold back (from); balk (at)
2.
(of an animal) to stop short and refuse to go forwards: the horse jibbed at the jump
3.
(nautical) variant of gybe
Derived Forms
jibber, noun
Word Origin
C19: of unknown origin

jib3

/dʒɪb/
noun
1.
the projecting arm of a crane or the boom of a derrick, esp one that is pivoted to enable it to be raised or lowered
Word Origin
C18: probably based on gibbet

jib4

/dʒɪb/
noun
1.
(often pl) (South Wales, dialect) a contortion of the face; a face: stop making jibs
Word Origin
special use of jib1 (in the sense: lower lip, face)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cut of his jib

jib

n.

"foresail of a ship," 1660s, gibb, of uncertain origin, perhaps related to gibbet, from notion of a sail "hanging" from a masthead [Barnhart, OED]. Or perhaps from jib (v.) "shift a sail or boom" (1690s), from Dutch gijben, apparently related to gijk "boom or spar of a sailing ship." Said to indicate a ship's character to an observant sailor as a strange vessel approaches at sea; also nautical slang for "face," hence cut of (one's) jib "personal appearance" (1821).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with cut of his jib

jib

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for cut of his jib

jib

in sailing ships, triangular sail rigged to a stay extending from the foremast, or foretopmast, to the bowsprit or to a spar, the jibboom, that is an extension of the bowsprit. The jib is first known to have been used on one-masted vessels. Its use began to spread about 1600 and extended to larger war vessels about 1700. Jibs proved handy in helping to steer and were much valued-e.g., on the square-rigger, as a means of better close-hauled sailing and of setting extra sail with comparatively little labour demand. In some ships the number of jibs reached five or more, and often the jibboom itself required an extension, the flying jibboom, to carry them.

Learn more about jib with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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5
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