city, Summit county, northeastern Ohio, U.S., just northeast of Akron, on the Cuyahoga River. Cuyahoga, possibly meaning "crooked water," was the name given by the Iroquois Indians to the river. Surveyors mapping the Western Reserve platted the area in 1797, and settlers from Connecticut soon followed. William Wetmore founded the settlement of Manchester on the Cuyahoga River in 1812 and by 1815 had built the first of a series of dams and mills to harness the power of the river's falls (the scenic Big Falls, for which the city was named, have since been eliminated by a dam constructed in 1912; remaining are the Little Falls, located adjacent to the city's downtown). Thereafter, waterpowered manufacturing grew rapidly. The town's name was changed to Cuyahoga Falls in 1828 to avoid confusion with another Manchester in Ohio. Although now mainly a residential suburb, Cuyahoga Falls has some light industry, including the manufacture of chemicals, vinyl products, tools and dies, steel molds, air filters, and packaging. Cuyahoga Valley National Park is 2 miles (3 km) north; it contains Blossom Music Center, the summer home of the Cleveland Orchestra. Inc. village, 1868; city, 1920. Pop. (2000) 49,374; (2005 est.) 50,494.
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