Dachau

[dah-kou; German dah-khou]
noun
a city in SE Germany, near Munich: site of Nazi concentration camp.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Dachau (German ˈdaxau)
 
n
a town in S Germany, in Bavaria: site of a Nazi concentration camp. Pop: 39 474 (2003 est)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Dachau
town in Bavaria, Germany, from O.H.G. daha "clay" + ouwa "island," describing its situation on high ground by the Amper River. Infamous as the site of a Nazi concentration camp nearby, opened in 1933 as a detention site for political prisoners and surrendered to the U.S. Army April 29, 1945. Not a death
camp per se, but as it was one of the places where inmates from other camps were sent as the Reich collapsed at the end of the war, and as it was one of the few large camps overrun by the British or American forces, it has come to symbolize Nazi atrocities in many minds in the West. "Arbeit Macht Frei" was spelled out in metal on the gate (as it was on other concentration camps, e.g. Gross-Rosen, Sachsenhausen, Theresienstadt).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Dachau [(dah-kow, dah-khow)]

A concentration camp established by the Nazis in southern Germany. (See Holocaust.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for dachau
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