Dalmatian dog

Dalmatian

[dal-mey-shuhn]
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to Dalmatia or its people.
noun
2.
an inhabitant of Dalmatia, especially a member of the native Slavic-speaking people of Dalmatia.
3.
Also called coach dog, Dalmatian dog. one of a breed of short-haired dogs having a white coat marked with black or brown spots.
4.
a Romance language of Dalmatia, extinct since 1898.

Origin:
1575–85; Dalmati(a) + -an

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Dalmatian (dælˈmeɪʃən)
 
n
1.  carriage dog, Also called (esp formerly): coach dog a large breed of dog having a short smooth white coat with black or (in liver-spotted dalmatians) brown spots
2.  a native or inhabitant of Dalmatia
 
adj
3.  of or relating to Dalmatia or its inhabitants

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Dalmatian
1810, spotted dog, presumably named for Dalmatia, the reach of modern Croatia along the Adriatic coast, but dog breeders argue over whether there is a Croatian ancestry for the breed, which seems to be represented in Egyptian bas-reliefs and Hellenic friezes. Popular in
early 1800s as a carriage dog, to trot alongside carriages and guard them in owner's absence. Even fire departments nowadays tend to spell it *Dalmation.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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