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Damascene

[dam-uh-seen, dam-uh-seen] /ˈdæm əˌsin, ˌdæm əˈsin/
adjective
1.
of or relating to the city of Damascus.
2.
(lowercase) of or relating to the art of damascening.
noun
3.
an inhabitant of Damascus.
4.
(lowercase) work or patterns produced by damascening.
verb (used with object), Damascened, Damascening.
5.
(lowercase). Also, damaskeen
[dam-uh-skeen, dam-uh-skeen] /ˈdæm əˌskin, ˌdæm əˈskin/ (Show IPA)
. to produce wavy lines on (Damascus steel).
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin Damascēnus of Damascus < Greek Damaskēnós, equivalent to Damask(ós) Damascus + -ēnos -ene
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for damascening

damascene

/ˈdæməˌsiːn; ˌdæməˈsiːn/
verb
1.
(transitive) to ornament (metal, esp steel) by etching or by inlaying, usually with gold or silver
noun
2.
a design or article produced by this process
adjective
3.
of or relating to this process
Word Origin
C14: from Latin damascēnus of Damascus

Damascene

/ˈdæməˌsiːn; ˌdæməˈsiːn/
adjective
1.
of or relating to Damascus
noun
2.
a native or inhabitant of Damascus
3.
a variety of domestic fancy pigeon with silvery plumage
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for damascening

art of encrusting gold, silver, or copper wire on the surface of iron, steel, bronze, or brass. A narrow undercut is made in the surface of the metal with a chisel and the wire forced into the undercut by means of a hammer. The name is derived from the city of Damascus, which was celebrated for its damascened wares as early as the 12th century. The armourers of northern Italy used damascening to decorate their products during the 16th century. In the 19th century the art underwent a revival in Europe, particularly in France and Spain. Damascened work of high quality is still produced by craftsmen there and in Egypt and Iran.

Learn more about damascening with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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