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8 Wintry Words to Defrost Your Vocabulary

dam1

[dam] /dæm/
noun
1.
a barrier to obstruct the flow of water, especially one of earth, masonry, etc., built across a stream or river.
2.
a body of water confined by a dam.
3.
any barrier resembling a dam.
verb (used with object), dammed, damming.
4.
to furnish with a dam; obstruct or confine with a dam.
5.
to stop up; block up.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English < Middle Dutch, Middle Low German, dam; akin to Old English for-demman to stop up, block
Synonyms
5. impede, clog, check, choke.

dam2

[dam] /dæm/
noun
1.
a female parent (used especially of four-footed domestic animals).
Origin
1250-1300; Middle English; variant of dame
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for dams
  • dams, irrigation and now climate change have drastically reduced the once-mighty river.
  • Offers a global perspective on resistance to the uprooting of people for dams and other development projects.
  • dams and reservoirs in the hills probably the best solution.
  • But dams and other changes to the land cut the fish off from many lakes, which became alewife-free.
  • Machines, whether cells or hydroelectric dams, extract work from temperature and energy gradients.
  • Your examples also all involved large inert targets, such as hydroelectric dams and whole cities.
  • Many hydro dams were built to provide the storage for nuclear.
  • We've all seen the effects hydropower dams have on ecosystems, none of them arguably being good.
  • dams teach us that large scale harvesting of renewable energy can cause environmental harm.
  • But it was not until last year that the communities within the basin were able to agree on where to locate the dams and levies.
British Dictionary definitions for dams

dam1

/dæm/
noun
1.
a barrier of concrete, earth, etc, built across a river to create a body of water for a hydroelectric power station, domestic water supply, etc
2.
a reservoir of water created by such a barrier
3.
something that resembles or functions as a dam
verb dams, damming, dammed
4.
(transitive) often foll by up. to obstruct or restrict by or as if by a dam
Word Origin
C12: probably from Middle Low German; compare Old Icelandic damma to block up

dam2

/dæm/
noun
1.
the female parent of an animal, esp of domestic livestock
Word Origin
C13: variant of dame

dam3

/dæm/
interjection, adverb, adjective
1.
(often used in combination) a variant spelling of damn (sense 1), damn (sense 2), damn (sense 3), damn (sense 4) damfool, dammit

dam4

symbol
1.
decametre(s)

Dam

/Danish dam/
noun
1.
(Carl Peter) Henrik (ˈhɛnrəɡ). 1895–1976, Danish biochemist who discovered vitamin K (1934): Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1943
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for dams

dam

n.

"water barrier," early 14c., probably from Old Norse dammr or Middle Dutch dam, both from Proto-Germanic *dammaz (cf. Old Frisian damm, German Damm), of unknown origin.

"animal mother," c.1300, variant of dame (q.v.), also originally used, like that word, for "lady, mother;" but meanings diverged into separate spellings by 16c.

v.

late 15c., from dam (n.1). Related: Dammed; damming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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dams in Medicine

dam (dām)
n.
A barrier against the passage of liquid or loose material, especially a rubber sheet used in dentistry to isolate one or more teeth from the rest of the mouth.

Dam (dām, däm), (Carl Peter) Henrik. 1895-1976.

Danish biochemist. He shared a 1943 Nobel Prize for the discovery of vitamin K.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Related Abbreviations for dams

dam

decameter

DAM

  1. diacetylmonoxime
  2. divorced Asian male
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Idioms and Phrases with dams
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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7
8
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