a device for cushioning, damping, or reversing the motion of a piece of machinery, consisting of a cylinder in which a piston operates to create a pressure or vacuum on an enclosed gas or to force a fluid in or out of the chamber through narrow openings.

1860–65; dash1 + pot1

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World English Dictionary
dashpot (ˈdæʃˌpɒt)
a device for damping vibrations; the vibrating part is attached to a piston moving in a liquid-filled cylinder
[C20: from dash1 + pot1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
The defect was a small hairline crack in the end cap of the dashpot.
Vehicle-to-vehicle connections were represented with nonlinear spring and linear dashpot elements acting in parallel.
The dashpot control is located on the underside of the balance case to the right of the balance arrest control.
Typical solution curves of the complex frequency for the dashpot.
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