dauphin

dauphin

[daw-fin; French doh-fan]
noun, plural dauphins [daw-finz; French doh-fan] .
the eldest son of a king of France, used as a title from 1349 to 1830.

Origin:
1475–85; < French; Middle French dalphin, after Dauphiné, from an agreement to thus honor the province after its cession to France

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World English Dictionary
dauphin (ˈdɔːfɪn, dɔːˈfɪn, French dofɛ̃)
 
n
(1349--1830) the title of the direct heir to the French throne; the eldest son of the king of France
 
[C15: from Old French: originally a family name; adopted as a title by the Counts of Vienne and later by the French crown princes]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dauphin
"eldest son of the king of France" (title in use from 1349-1830), 1485, from Fr. dauphin, lit. "dolphin" (see dolphin). Originally the title attached to "the Dauphin of Viennois," whose province (in the Fr. Alps north of Provence) came to be known as Dauphiné. Three
dolphins were on the coat of arms of the lords of Viennois, first worn by Guido IV (d.1142). It is said to have been originally a personal name among the lords of Viennois. Humbert III, the last lord of Dauphiné, ceded the province to Philip of Valois in 1349, on condition that the title be perpetuated by the eldest son of the king of France.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

dauphin

county, central Pennsylvania, U.S., bounded to the north by Mahantango Creek, to the west by the Susquehanna River, and to the south by Conewago Creek. The topography rises from a piedmont region in the south to ridge-and-valley mountains in the north. Other waterways include DeHart Reservoir and the Juniata River, as well as Wiconisco, Clark, Powell, Stony, and Swatara creeks. The Appalachian National Scenic Trail runs along Peters Mountain through the centre of the county; other features include Broad, Second, and Blue mountains.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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