de facto segregation

Cultural Dictionary
de facto segregation [(di fak-toh, day fak-toh)]

Racial segregation, especially in public schools, that happens “by fact” rather than by legal requirement. For example, often the concentration of African-Americans in certain neighborhoods produces neighborhood schools that are predominantly black, or segregated in fact (de facto), although not by law (de jure).

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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WordNet
de facto segregation

noun
segregation (especially in schools) that happens in fact although not required by law 
WordNet® 3.0, © 2006 by Princeton University.
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