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demerit

[dih-mer-it] /dɪˈmɛr ɪt/
noun
1.
a mark against a person for misconduct or deficiency:
If you receive four demerits during a term, you will be expelled from school.
2.
the quality of being censurable or punishable; fault; culpability.
3.
Obsolete. merit or desert.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English (< Old French desmerite) < Medieval Latin dēmeritum fault, noun use of neuter past participle of Latin dēmerēre to earn, win the favor of (dē- taken in ML as privative, hence pejorative). See de-, merit
Related forms
demeritorious
[dih-mer-i-tawr-ee-uh s, -tohr-] /dɪˌmɛr ɪˈtɔr i əs, -ˈtoʊr-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
demeritoriously, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for de-meritorious

demerit

/diːˈmɛrɪt; ˈdiːˌmɛrɪt/
noun
1.
something, esp conduct, that deserves censure
2.
(US & Canadian) a mark given against a person for failure or misconduct, esp in schools or the armed forces
3.
a fault or disadvantage
Derived Forms
demeritorious, adjective
demeritoriously, adverb
Word Origin
C14 (originally: worth, later specialized to mean: something worthy of blame): from Latin dēmerērī to deserve
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for de-meritorious
demerit
1399, from O.Fr. desmerite, from des- "not, opposite" + merite "merit." L. demereri meant "to merit, deserve," from de- in its completive sense. But M.L. demeritum meant "fault." Both senses existed in the M.Fr. form of the word. Meaning "penalty point in school" is attested from 1862.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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