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despot

[des-puh t, -pot] /ˈdɛs pət, -pɒt/
noun
1.
a king or other ruler with absolute, unlimited power; autocrat.
2.
any tyrant or oppressor.
3.
History/Historical. an honorary title applied to a Byzantine emperor, afterward to members of his family, and later to Byzantine vassal rulers and governors.
Origin
1555-1565
1555-65; < Greek despótēs master < *dems-pot- presumably, “master of the house,” equivalent to *dems-, akin to dómos house + pot-, base of pósis husband, spouse; cf. hospodar, host1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for de-spot

despot

/ˈdɛspɒt/
noun
1.
an absolute or tyrannical ruler; autocrat or tyrant
2.
any person in power who acts tyrannically
3.
a title borne by numerous persons of rank in the later Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman Empires the despot of Servia
Derived Forms
despotic (dɛsˈpɒtɪk), despotical, adjective
despotically, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Medieval Latin despota, from Greek despotēs lord, master; related to Latin domus house
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for de-spot
despot
1560s, "absolute ruler," from M.L. despota, from Gk. despotes "master of a household, lord, absolute ruler." Faintly pejorative in Gk., progressively more so as used in various languages for Roman emperors, Christian rulers of Ottoman provinces, and Louis XVI during the French Revolution.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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